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Further the bus had a so-called "hat": The windows had chrome tables and the van had a more comprehensive dashboard than the normal T1. When Volkswagen started producing the successor of the T1 the T2 the company also stopped producing the Samba so there are no Sambas in later versions of the Transporter.
Certain models of the Volkswagen Type 2 played a role in a historic episode during the early s, known as the Chicken War.
France and West Germany had placed tariffs on imports of U. Officially, the tax targeted items imported from Europe as approximating the value of lost American chicken sales to Europe.
In retrospect, audio tapes from the Johnson White House, revealed a quid pro quo unrelated to chicken. The Chicken Tax directly curtailed importation of German-built Type 2s in configurations that qualified them as light trucks — that is, commercial vans panel vans and pickups.
After , Volkswagen cargo vans and pickup trucks, the intended targets, "practically disappeared from the U. While post Type 2 commercial vans and single-cab and double-cab pickups can be found in the United States today, they are exceedingly rare.
Any post specimen found ostensibly has had its import tariff paid. The "Chicken tax" remains in effect today, even though it is now commonly curtailed by converting passenger vehicles to utility vehicles after they have entered the United States.
This practice is ironically exercised by Ford and Chrysler , two of the companies the tax was meant to protect. In late , the second generation of the Volkswagen Type 2 T2 was introduced.
It was built in Germany until In Mexico, the Volkswagen Kombi and Panel were produced from to Models before are often called the T2a or "Early Bay" , while models after are called the T2b or "Late Bay".
This second-generation Type 2 lost its distinctive split front windshield , and was slightly larger and considerably heavier than its predecessor.
Its common nicknames are Breadloaf and Bay-window , or Loaf and Bay for short. The battery and electrical system was upgraded to 12 volts, making it incompatible with electric accessories from the previous generation.
The new model also did away with the swing axle rear suspension and transfer boxes previously used to raise ride height.
Instead, half-shaft axles fitted with constant velocity joints raised ride height without the wild changes in camber of the Beetle-based swing axle suspension.
The updated Bus transaxle is usually sought after by off-road racers using air-cooled Volkswagen components. The T2b was introduced by way of gradual change over three years.
The Type 2 featured a new, 1. An important change came with the introduction of front disc brakes and new roadwheels with brake ventilation holes and flatter hubcaps.
Up until , front indicators are set low on the nose rather than high on either side of the fresh air grille — giving rise to their being nicknamed "Low Lights".
The air inlets were also enlarged to accommodate the increased cooling air needs of the larger engines. In the cc Type 1 engine as used in the Beetle, was supplemented with the cc Type 4 engine — as it was originally designed for the Type 4 and models.
European vans kept the option of upright fan Type 1 engine but the Type 4 became standard for US spec models. This engine was standard in models destined for the US and Canada.
Only with the Type 4 engine did an automatic transmission become available for the first time in the model year.
Both engines displaced 1. The Type 4 engine was enlarged to 1. The two-litre option appeared in South African manufactured models during , originally only in a comparably well-equipped "Executive" model.
The and later U. As with all Transporter engines, the focus in development was not on power, but on low-end torque.
The Type 4 engines were considerably more robust and durable than the Type 1 engines, particularly in Transporter service. In , for the model year, exterior revisions included relocated front turn indicators, squared off and set higher in the valance, above the headlights.
Also, square-profiled bumpers, which became standard until the end of the T2 in , were introduced in Crash safety improved with this change because of a compressible structure behind the front bumper.
This meant that the T2b was capable of meeting US safety standards for passenger cars of the time, though not required of vans.
The "VW" emblem on the front valance became slightly smaller. Later model changes were primarily mechanical. By , the T2 had gained its final shape.
These were a limited edition model to mark the final production of T2 models in Europe. Once production of the original Beetle ended in late , the T2 was the only Volkswagen model with an air-cooled, rear-mounted boxer engine, but then the Brazilian model shifted to a water-cooled engine on 23 December The end of the Volkswagen air-cooled engine on a worldwide basis was marked by a Special Edition Kombi.
An exclusive Silver paint job, and limited edition emblems were applied to only units in late , and were sold as models. Stricter emissions regulations introduced by the Brazilian government for forced a shift to a flexible-fuel water-cooled engine [ citation needed ] able to run on petrol or alcohol.
Borrowed from the Volkswagen Gol , the engine is a rear-mounted EA 1. This version was very successful [ vague ] , despite the minor changes made to the overall T2-bodied vehicle.
Other improvements included 6. The Volkswagen Type 2 is by far the longest model run in Brazil, having been introduced in September as the Volkswagen "Kombi", a name it has kept throughout production.
The production of the Brazilian Volkswagen Kombi ended in with a production run of Last Edition vehicles. The Volkswagen Type 2 T3 , also known as T25 in the UK or Vanagon in the United States, the T3 platform was introduced in , and was one of the last new Volkswagen platforms to use an air-cooled engine.
The Volkswagen air-cooled engine was phased out for a water-cooled boxer engine still rear-mounted in Compared to its predecessor the T2, the T3 was larger and heavier, with square corners replacing the rounded edges of the older models.
The T3 is sometimes called "the wedge" by enthusiasts to differentiate it from earlier Kombis. Since , the Transporter in most world markets has been front-engined and water-cooled , similar to other contemporary Volkswagens, almost two decades later than it did for the passenger cars.
T4s are marketed as Transporter in Europe. In the United States, Volkswagen Eurovan is the brand name. The Volkswagen Transporter T5 range is the fifth generation of Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles medium-sized light commercial vehicle and people movers.
Launched 6 January , the T5 went into full production in April , replacing the fourth generation range. The T5 has a more aerodynamic design.
The angle of the windshield and A- pillar is less; this makes for a large dashboard and small bonnet. In June , Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles announced the one-millionth T5 rolled off the production line in Hanover.
T5 GP introduced in Heavily facelifted with some new power plants including the bi-turbo range topper. These new engines saw the demise of the now "dirty" 5 cylinder units.
Late will see the arrival of the "Neu Sechs", the New 6. The T6 will offer further engine changes in early , but will launch with the previous generation engines.
The new engines will see the introduction of Ad-Blu to meet with euro 6 emission compliance. Make sure to provide useful source information.
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As part of the T platform, the first three generations are retroactively named T1, T2 and T3. The Transporter is the best-selling van in history with over 12 million units sold worldwide,  and it comprises a gamut of variants including vans , minivans , minibuses , pick-ups , campervans.
The Volkswagen T2 platform  was marketed from through model years, with a Volkswagen Type 4 engine optionally available from on.
The Volkswagen Type 2 T3 , also known as the T25 , or Vanagon in the United States , was one of the last new Volkswagen platforms to use an air-cooled engine.
The Volkswagen air-cooled engine was succeeded by a water-cooled boxer engine still rear-mounted in The first officially designated "T platform" vehicle, the Volkswagen Transporter T4  dramatically updated the Volkswagen van line by using a front-mounted , front-wheel drive , water-cooled engine.
The Transporter T5 range received a facelift in late Concepts and future models: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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